Adult learners Does intellectual development stop at age 22? Many employers require workers to attain certain levels of education in order to qualify for promotions. Supposedly this is a time of great emotional upheaval, anxiety, and drastic changes in behavior. Numerous educational institutions offer accredited courses, certificates, and undergraduate and graduate degrees by correspondence or via alternative learning formats, such as intensive study classes conducted one weekend per month, telecourses provided over the television, or virtual classrooms set up on the Internet.
Emotional Changes Just about everyone has heard of the "midlife" crisis. These researchers argued that fluid intelligence, or the ability to process new concepts and facts quickly and creatively, including abstract reasoning problems, independent of previous education or learning, peaks in adolescence and then starts a gradual decline between the Physical and cognitive development in middle adulthood of 30 and An example of postformal thinking is the middle adult who knows from experience how to maneuver through rules and regulations and play the system at the office.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the obesity prevalence for men and women aged years increased to During middle age, men are faced with the realization that they are no longer 20 years old and that they are not going to accomplish all they wanted to in life.
This means that many in midlife are at the height of their careers, which also means increased job responsibilities. Finally, adults may also return to college simply for personal enrichment. Of course, labeling this age group as adult learners is not to imply that the typical college student is not also an adult.
Many of the situations facing adults today require something more than formal operations.
Compared with younger students, adult learners may also have special needs: Add healthy eating and the elimination of tobacco and alcohol use to middle-age lifestyles, and major illnesses can literally be halted altogether. In fact, according to the U.
Academic institutions typically identify those outside the 18—21 range as adults, because most have been working and rearing families for some time before deciding to enter or reenter college.
Women, for instance, experience the American double standard of aging: Instead, middle adults may develop and employ postformal thinking, which is characterized by the objective use of practical common sense to deal with unclear problems.
However, this reduction in testosterone does not fully explain the psychological symptoms of anxiety and depression that may accompany middle adulthood, indicating that the male climacteric probably has more to do with emotional rather than physical events.
And developmentalists have found that most people in this age group have less problems with their children and also better relationships with their own parents. And researcher James Flynn has shown that each new generation of IQ test takers scores higher than previous generations.
For those who divorce and remarry, many report satisfying intimacy although most report that remarriage brings a new set of challenges.
No longer viewing the world from an absolute and fixed perspective, middle adults have learned how to make compromises, question the establishment, and work through disputes. That is, the uncertain areas of life may pose problems too ambiguous and inconsistent for such straightforward thinking styles.
Postformal thinking begins late in adolescence and culminates in the practical wisdom so often associated with older adulthood. Alcoholism and overeating are examples of negative approaches to problem-solving, that are particularly relevant to this age group.
However, psychological researchers, particularly the work of K. Those in this age group typically need to simultaneously manage a variety of family issues including children at various ages of development, aging, ill parents and financial concerns and worries. Other changes include decreases in strength, coordination, reaction time, sensation sight, hearing, taste, smell, touchand fine motor skills.
Secondary aging, however, is the result of unhealthy behaviors, such as smoking, drug use, unhealthy eating, alcohol abuse, obesity and lack of exercise. Testosterone production lessens, which creates physical symptoms, such as weakness, poor appetite, and inability to focus on specific tasks for extended periods.
For females agesthe leading cause of death is cancer.
If studying personality and how it affects behavior sounds intriguing, or if you find how people grow and change in their middle adulthood years fascinating, you should consider a career in developmental psychology. Internally, changes are taking place as well, with some decline in the major organs, including the lungs, heart and digestive system; additionally women undergo menopause sometime between the ages of 42 and Physical Changes For those in middle adulthood, aging is inevitable.
For example, too often society has erroneously determined that menopause inevitably means the end of female sexuality. None of the biological declines of middle and late adulthood needs to be an obstacle to enjoying all aspects of life, including sex.
Two researchers during the s, Raymond Cattell and John Horn, identified two categories of intelligence - crystallized and fluid intelligence.
Decades of exposure and use take their toll on the body as wrinkles develop, organs no longer function as efficiently as they once did, and lung and heart capacities decrease. These researchers have found that negativity caused by stress or conditions such as depression or anxiety can even eventually lead to chronic physical conditions in otherwise healthy bodies.
Death rates for this age group remain relatively low, although the two major illnesses that do affect the health and mortality of this age group are heart disease and cancer:Physical Changes. For those in middle adulthood, aging is inevitable.
By age 64, visible signs are apparent, such as gray and thinning hair, wrinkles, the need for reading and bifocal eyeglasses, and some hearing loss. Sep 10, · Cognitive Development in Adults - Duration: Middle Adulthood (34 - 60 years) corkscrewsally 10, views.
Physical Changes with the Aging Process - Duration: Middle Adulthood: Biosocial, Cognitive, Psychosocial Development • Scenes from Middle Age Crazy Graduation speech. Porsche showroom Middle Adulthood: Biosocial, Cognitive, Psychosocial Development. Changes During Middle Adulthood Agnetha Faltskog of ABBA.
Middle Age: Physical Signs • Graying & thinning of hair •. Start studying Human Development ch. 15 Physical & Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and. Unlike our physical abilities, which peak in our mids and then begin a slow decline, our cognitive abilities remain relatively steady throughout early and middle adulthood.
Young Adulthood Physical Development –Physical strength typically peaks in early adulthood (the 20’s and 30’s) – Although physical changes are minimal during this Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood Some intellectual abilities decline in middle .Download