How to write a science review article

Earth Science Reviews offers authors the rare opportunity to explore a particular subject without any limitation on the number of words used. A clear description of how data was gathered is also helpful. New requests and reminders from editors kept piling up at a faster rate than I could complete the reviews and the problem seemed intractable.

Writing a good review requires expertise in the field, an intimate knowledge of research methods, a critical mind, the ability to give fair and constructive feedback, and sensitivity to the feelings of authors on the receiving end.

Make an outline, keep lists of topics that are and are not within your scope, and remind yourself to stop any time your reading wanders outside your scope. I always ask myself what makes this paper relevant and what new advance or contribution the paper represents.

Articles may be extensive, providing comprehensive coverage of a relatively broad or cross-disciplinary subject area, or they may be much shorter providing an in-depth overview of a very specific topic, and authors may choose to include a proportion of their own primary research data to support their arguments.

Tips for writing your first scientific literature review article

Third, I make sure that the design of the methods and analyses are appropriate. And we never know what findings will amount to in a few years; many breakthrough studies were not recognized as such for many years.

CONTENT Abstract Sometimes written as an afterthought, the abstract is of extreme importance as in many instances this section is what is initially previewed by readership to determine if the remainder of the article is worth reading.

Initially a brief paragraph should explain the overall procedures and study design. This was advice my adviser gave me about a month before the due date, when he could tell that my brain and my PDF library were so overflowing with data that I was struggling with actually producing any text.

Impose some structure on the mess that is the scientific literature. I believe it improves the transparency of the review process, and it also helps me police the quality of my own assessments by making me personally accountable.

Get familiar with software like Papers or any other PDF-management softwareEndNote and Adobe Illustrator or whatever graphics program the journal suggests.

HOW TO WRITE A SCIENTIFIC ARTICLE

If the paper has horrendous difficulties or a confused concept, I will specify that but will not do a lot of work to try to suggest fixes for every flaw. This is not just a restatement of your results, rather is comprised of some final, summative statements that reflect the flow and outcomes of the entire paper.

Photo courtesy of Matthew Perry. Then, throughout, if what I am reading is only partly comprehensible, I do not spend a lot of energy trying to make sense of it, but in my review I will relay the ambiguities to the author. For example were data gathered prospectively or retrospectively?

Basically, I am looking to see if the research question is well motivated; if the data are sound; if the analyses are technically correct; and, most importantly, if the findings support the claims made in the paper.

Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. For me, the first question is this: PLoS Med 6 6: And secondly, how can it be improved? I also think it is our duty as researchers to write good reviews.

Earth-Science Reviews

Is the statistical analysis sound and justified? One should review the paper justly and entirely on its merit, even if it comes from a competing research group. In some instances, the abstract may change slightly pending content revisions required during the peer review process.

J African Earth Sci. Are the background literature and study rationale clearly articulated? Altogether, it usually takes me more than a day.Dec 08,  · How to Write an Article Review. An article review is both a summary and an evaluation of another writer's article.

Teachers often assign article reviews to introduce students to the work of experts in the field. Experts also are often 90%(). Key steps and resources for publishing research articles in Science areas. Learn about the structure and purpose of scientific literature reviews as you prepare to write your own.

If you need to write a review article but don't know where to start, keep some of these tips in mind. Covering a much wider field than the usual specialist journals, Earth Science Reviews publishes review articles dealing with all aspects of Earth Sciences, and is an important vehicle for allowing readers to see their particular interest related to the Earth Sciences as a whole.

Our readership is more diverse than that of specialist journals. How to review a paper. postdoctoral research fellow at the Earth-Life Science Institute in Tokyo. It can take me quite a long time to write a good review, sometimes a full day of work and. Emily Crawford often retreated to her apartment rooftop in San Francisco to write her review.

Photo courtesy of Matthew Perry. When I undertook the task of writing a scientific literature review article last year, I had hoped that a Google search would reveal a handful of how-to pages thoughtfully.

In this class, you will be required to write a scientific review paper. A secondary research paper or review paper is not a 'book report' or an annotated list of experiments in a particular field, but demands a considerable, complete literature review.5/5(24).

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How to write a science review article
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