Ancient world history key terms

Widespread trade and communication between distinct regions in this period, including the rise of the Silk Road. The Iron Age over all was characterized by the prevalent smelting of iron with Ferrous metallurgy and the use of Carbon steel. These people resented the unchecked power of the oligarchs and banded together, sometimes with the aid of heavily-armed soldiers called hoplites, to put new leaders in charge.

The Zhou dynasty was established in China shortly thereafter. Around the same time came the Vedasthe oldest sacred texts for the Hindu Religion. In these developments religious and philosophical figures were all searching for human meaning.

Also, most had overthrown their hereditary kings, or basileus, and were ruled by a small number of wealthy aristocrats. Each of these poleis was an independent city-state. The Royal Road allowed for efficient trade and taxation.

Land was the most important source of wealth in the city-states; it was also, obviously, in finite supply. The New World hosted a variety of separate civilizations but its own trade networks were smaller due to the lack of draft animals and the wheel. Separate Greek Ancient world history key terms Egypt and Asia encouraged trade and communication like earlier Persian administrations.

The pressure of population growth pushed many men away from their home poleis and into sparsely populated areas around Greece and the Aegean.

The economic, political, technological and artistic developments of the Archaic period readied the Greek city-states for the monumental changes of the next few centuries.

Ancient history

In this way, the colonies of the Archaic period were different from other colonies we are familiar with: The beginning of the Shang dynasty emerged in China in this period, and there was evidence of a fully developed Chinese writing system.

Its date and context vary depending on the country or geographical region. Pheidon of Argos established an orderly system of weights and measures, for instance, while Theagenes of Megara brought running water to his city. Pirak is an early iron-age site in BalochistanPakistangoing back to about BC.

They also monopolized the best farmland, and some even claimed to be descended from the gods. The Shang Dynasty is the first Chinese regime recognized by western scholars though Chinese historians insist that the Xia Dynasty preceded it.

In BC, the rise of Greek city-states began. Norte Chico in the Andes The first civilization emerged in Sumer in the southern region of Mesopotamia now part of modern day Iraq. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

Ancient Greece

The people who lived there were not ruled by or bound to the city-states from which they came. Empires with their immense military strength remained fragile to civil wars, economic decline and a changing political environment internationally.

Significant for the time was the Persian Achaemenid Empire. They all had economies that were based on agriculture, not trade: Greek culture, and technology spread through West and South Asia often synthesizing with local cultures. Scientists and mathematicians made progress too: Afterwards some entirely new successor civilizations arose in the Eastern Mediterranean.

In Greece the Mycenae and Minona both disintegrated. In South Asia, the Mauryan empire briefly annexed much of the Indian Subcontinent though short lived, its reign had the legacies of spreading Buddhism and providing an inspiration to later Indian states.

These leaders were known as tyrants. However, their rule did not last: Philosophy, religion and science were diverse in the Hundred Schools of Thought producing thinkers such as ConfuciusLao Tzu and Mozi during the sixth century B. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

World History

The new poleis were self-governing and self-sufficient. Anaximandros devised a theory of gravity; Xenophanes wrote about his discovery of fossils; and Pythagoras of Kroton discovered his famous theorem. These people monopolized political power.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. The Rise of the Tyrants As time passed and their populations grew, many of these agricultural city-states began to produce consumer goods such as pottery, cloth, wine and metalwork.

In BC, the first recorded Olympic Games were held. During this Zhou era China embraced a feudal society of decentralized power.Ancient history as a term refers to the aggregate of past events from the beginning of writing and recorded human history and extending as far as the post-classical history.

The phrase may be used either to refer to the period of time or the academic discipline. Sep 03,  · Watch video · The term Ancient, or Archaic, Greece refers to the time three centuries before the classical age, between B.C.

and B.C.—a relatively sophisticated period in world history. Archaic Greece. The Persian Empire, in antiquity, was the largest geographical empire in its time, at its height stretching from India (at the Ganges and Mula, respectively) all the way into southern Europe and down to Egypt, primarily under Cyrus the Great.

Ancient Greek city-states, especially Athens, made major contributions to art, architecture, philosophy, literature, drama, and history. Gupta Empire () An empire in India characterized by peace, prosperity, and trade.

Learn ancient world history with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of ancient world history flashcards on Quizlet. Today's world owes an immense debt to the mighty empires and great cities of ancient history.

Their inventions and ideas enabled the advancement of human society and laid the foundation for modern.

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Ancient world history key terms
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